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‘Austria is Lost’: British and Austrian Diplomats and their Experience of Anschluß

Part of The Wiener Library’s SHATTERED: Pogrom, November 1938 exhibition series.


On 12 March 1938, the Third Reich began erasing a country that lay in the heart of Europe from the map. Early that morning, in advance of a plebiscite on Austrian independence, the German Wehrmacht poured across the border into its southeasterly neighbor. The following day, Arthur Seyß-Inquardt, Chancellor of Austria, revoked Article 88 of the Treaty of Saint-Germain, which effectively forbade the union of Austria and Germany, and Austrian sovereignty collapsed as the country became absorbed into the Third Reich. The Anschluß was complete.

This talk will look at the months of heightening German Nazi antagonism and increasing Austrian isolation prior to this moment through the eyes of British and Austrian diplomats stationed in Vienna and London, respectively. Rather than focusing on ambassadors and heads of mission, this research examines the experiences of lower-level cultural and military attachés, economic and press officers, clerks and secretaries—‘ordinary’ bureaucrats whose lives became entangled in Austria’s desperate attempts to thwart a German invasion.

By piecing together a variety of written sources, from official communiqués and correspondence to private letters and memoirs, this research seeks to explore how diplomats act in times of crisis. In the case of British bureaucrats assigned to Vienna, did they follow the government line (e.g., appeasement) or did they act out of friendship towards their Austrian counterparts in an effort to assist? Ultimately, this talk examines conflicts of conscience, internal hesitations, paranoia, and desperation when it became ever clearer that, for Austria, everything was on the line.


Speaker(s):

Timothy Schmalz | talks

 

Date and Time:

6 November 2018 at 3:00 pm

Duration:

1 hour

 

Venue:

The Wiener Library for the Study of the Holocaust and Genocide
29 Russell Square
London
WC1B 5DP
020 7636 7247
http://www.wienerlibrary.co.uk

More at The Wiener Library for the Study of the Holocaust and Genocide...

 

Tickets:

Free, registration essential

Available from:

https://www.wienerlibrary.co.uk/Whats-On?item=414

Additional Information:

An accessible toilet is available in the basement and can be reached via the lift.
For visitors with hearing impairment, an induction loop in the exhibition area and the Wolfson Reading Room is compatible with T-coil equipped hearing aids.
We welcome Guide and Assistance dogs in the exhibition area and the Wolfson Reading Room.
If you have any comments, questions, or concerns regarding accessibility at the Library, please email us at info@wienerlibrary.co.uk or call us at +44 (0) 20 7636 7247.

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